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Lancaster, PA 17602
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Home » Your Eye Health » Children’s Vision » Your Infant’s Visual Development

Your Infant’s Visual Development

Your baby’s visual system is not fully developed at birth and continues to develop gradually over the first days and months of life. In fact, from your baby’s perspective at birth, the world is black and white, blurry and rather flat. As the days and months go on, they begin to focus, move their eyes and start to see the world around them. While each child will grow and develop on his or her own schedule, knowing an infant’s vision milestones will help you ensure that your infant is on track to achieving good vision and eye health and start treatment early if there is a problem.

Birth – 3 months

Because newborn babies’ eyes and visual system are underdeveloped, they can not focus their eyes on close objects or perceive depth or color. Babies need to learn to move, focus and coordinate eye movements to team the eyes (have them move together as a team). The brain also needs to learn how to process the visual information from the eyes to understand and interact with the world. In fact, until about 3 months, the optimal distance a baby can focus on is about 8 – 10 inches from their face, about the distance their parents face will be during feeding.

Your baby will start to be able to perceive color within the first 2-3 weeks, however it will take a few months to learn how to focus and use the eyes, to track objects, differentiate between two objects and shift from one object to the other. During this time you may notice that the eyes appear crossed and do not work together or team. This is quite common at the early stages of development, however if one eye appears to be constantly turned in or out, seek a doctor’s evaluation.

At around three months, as hand-eye coordination begins to develop, a baby should be able to follow a moving target with their eyes and reach for objects.

4-6 Months

By 6 months, your baby will begin to move his eyes with more speed and accuracy, seeing at farther distances and focusing well. Color vision should be fully developed and the eyes should be able to work as a team and follow moving objects with relative ease. Hand-eye coordination and depth perception should be greatly improved as your baby will begin to understand the 3-dimensional world around them.

At six months, you should take your baby for his or her first comprehensive eye exam to ensure that the eyes are developing on track and there are no signs of congenital or infant eye disease.

7-12 Months

At this stage of development babies will be coordinating vision and body movements by crawling, grasping, standing and exploring the surrounding world. They should be able judge distances accurately, throw a ball toward a target and pick up a small object with their fingers. Delays in motor development can sometimes indicate a vision problem.

The First Eye Exam

While at 6 months, your baby will not be able to read an eye chart, eye doctors can perform an infant eye exam through non-verbal testing to assess visual acuity (for nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism), eye teaming abilities and eye alignment. The eye doctor will also be able to see inside the eye for any signs of disease or problems that could affect eye or vision health.

InfantSEE®

InfantSEE® is a public health program in which participating optometrists provide a free comprehensive infant eye exam to babies between 6 and 12 months of age. The program was initiated to provide accessible eye and vision care for infants to ensure they have the best chances for normal development and quality of life.

If your child has any unusual symptoms such as excessive tearing, constant eye misalignment, red or crusty eyes or extreme light sensitivity consult an eye doctor as soon as possible.

Dear Patients,

We will be reopening our office Monday, May 18, 2020, and would like to bring you up to date with the many very important physical and procedural changes we have made to our office to assure the highest level of health and safety for our patients and staff during these very challenging times.

We have consulted with our county, state and federal officials, as well as the CDC and other healthcare professionals, to incorporate the recommended and required safety measures throughout our office.

We sincerely apologize for any inconvenience we may have caused by rescheduling or postponing your earlier appointments.

To assure the health and safety of our staff and patients, as well as minimize any exposure, we have instituted the following changes. Please read through this entire document and print a copy so you are familiar with them.

1. Any and ALL appointments and visits will need to be scheduled. This includes the pickup of eyeglasses or trial contact lenses, frame selection, eyeglass repairs, and eyeglass adjustments.

2. Contact lenses will be shipped to all patients at no charge

3. To maintain social distancing and minimize any possible exposure, we have spread out our patient schedule.

4. 24-48 hours before your appointment, one of our staff will be calling to remind you of your appointment and discuss your ocular and medical history. In addition, they will ask you standard COVID19 screening questions and answer any questions regarding your upcoming exam. This will take 5 – 10 minutes but this initial call is important to allow you ample time in our office.

Please look for and answer this call.

5. In order to save time and keep everyone on schedule, any and all medications you are taking should be listed in as much detail as possible on a separate piece of paper, emailed to our secure site: DROXENBERG@COMCAST.NET, or entered on the patient registration form on our website: WWW.DROXENBERG.COM. This needs to be completed prior to your appointment and should include all systemic medications (diabetes, hypertension, etc.) and ocular medications (eye drops, glaucoma medicine, etc.).

6. On the day of your appointment please plan to arrive 15 minutes early and call us at (717) 394-3798 when you arrive. We will return your call when you will be allowed to enter. Entry will be through the front door only unless previously discussed with our staff. Only the person with the appointment will be allowed in the office with the exception of minor children who have the appointment. NOTE: Family members and/or friends will need to wait outside.

7. We will be taking your temperature in the vestibule and anyone with a temperature of 100 degrees or higher or who is sick will be rescheduled. If you feel ill, please reschedule your appointment.

8. All staff will have their temperatures checked 2 times daily for your safety.

9. All staff will wear a facemask while in the office. In addition, all patients must wear a facemask while in the office as mandated by Governor Wolf for all PA businesses. If you do not wear a facemask, one will be provided to you.

10. There are hand sanitizing stations strategically placed throughout the office. Please use them.

11. All frames will be disinfected before and after being handled by patients and staff. Frames will not be returned to the frame display until they are appropriately disinfected.

12. All exam room equipment will be cleaned and disinfected before and after each use according to the CDC guidelines.

13. Cleaning and disinfection of our office have always been a priority and this will continue in earnest.

14. Preferred payment is by credit card or checks at the time of services but cash will be accepted.

15. We have installed a plexiglass barrier on our front desk to comply with the CDC and state guidance.

16. Reception area chairs have been separated to maintain social distancing.

17. Patients who are physically disabled will be allowed entry through the rear door, with prior approval, following a temperature check and COVID19 screening. All other patients must enter through the front door and screening vestibule.

18. Above all else, your safety and health are our top priorities. We take this responsibility very seriously and have implemented these changes in procedures to achieve this.

Dr. Oxenberg has been providing eye care to you and your family since 1990 and expects to continue for many years to come.

If you have any questions and /or concerns, please feel free to email our office at droxenberg@comcast.net or call (717) 394-3798.

We look forward to seeing you all again!

Sincerely,

Dr. Larry Oxenberg